- Their color is brown and reddish brown after feeding.
- Rows of welts on your body that appear during the night from bites.
- Blood stains and dark spots on bedding. This could be fecal matter, a crushed bedbug or blood from the bites you received.
- Live bedbug or husks on or near your bed.
- Vacuum – This is an effective way to remove them from furniture, beds, cracks, crevices, floorboards, wall plates and holes in the apartment. Vacuum daily or as often as possible.
- Laundry – Keep bed linens, curtains and clothes clean. Wash them in hot water, dry them in a dryer and iron before you wear them.
- Beds – Place your bed away from the walls and ensure that your sheet never touch the ground. Remove everything beneath or around your bed. Place the bed legs on glue traps to prevent bedbugs crawling on the legs. Purchase bedbug approved encasement for your mattress and box spring. Use white sheets on your bed and inspect regularly to look for them or any signs.
- Avoid clutter – Bedbugs are usually within 5 feet of their hosts. Any clutter in your bedroom will provide a nesting and hiding place for them.
- New and used furniture – Used furniture can be infected and the truck delivering furniture can be infected especially if it was used to remove old furniture. Inspect them carefully (if possible before they enter your apartment).
- Public areas – Bedbugs are hitch hikers so they can be anywhere. No one is exempt They can be on clothing, in or on luggage, chairs, motor vehicles, just about any place. Be on the alert at all times and examine where you put your things.
- Shower and change your clothes when you return to your apartment. Place use clothes in a sealed container in bathroom and store for washing. Try not to sit on bed, couch and chair or anywhere before your shower.
- Cracks and crevices – Seal all cracks and crevices, holes and baseboards.
- Wall Plates – Tighten the screws on wall plates to prevent them from hiding or nesting there.
This is a guide to help you identify and to prevent bedbugs. Please use accordingly and research the subject extensively. New ways and methods are being discovered from time to time.
References: NPMA Field Guide to Structural Pests 2ND Edition
Pesticide Applicator Training Manual
Prepared by: Alvin J Patterson